Can Civic Education Replace Government in My WAEC GCE or SSCE Result? CHECK NOW

If you are reading this post, then you are probably one among the million students who have been asking questions like; Can Civic Education Replace Government in My WAEC Result? Can I use Civic Education instead of Government? If you are such, then we will try our best in this post to give you soothing answers.

Can Civic Education Replace Government in My WAEC GCE or SSCE Result? CHECK NOW

Can Civic Education Replace Government in My WAEC Result? Read Details Below

The above questions are constantly being asked by Nigerian students in SSS 1-3 or by students who have gotten their WAEC results. However, before we answer the question, we would like to break down certain meanings so as to make things easier.

Civic Education

What does Civic Education mean? Well, it is safe to say that Civic Education is a public and socially oriented system of continuous education and upbringing with the aim of building civic competence, democratic culture and also satisfying the need for socialization in the interests of an individual, civil society as well as the rule of law. What then is the importance of Civic Education in Modern Nigerian Society?

Components of Civic education

The components of civic education are written below:

  • Human rights education.
  • Development of intersectoral social partnerships.
  • Teaching a culture of peace.
  • Education of tolerance Management of self-governing associations of citizens.

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

The following are the rights of citizens:

  • Freedom to express yourself.
  • Freedom to worship as you wish.
  • Right to a prompt, fair trial by jury.
  • Right to vote in elections for public officials.
  • Right to apply for federal employment requiring U.S. citizenship.
  • Right to run for elected office.
  • Freedom to pursue “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

Citizens Responsibilities

The following are the responsibilities of citizens:

  • Supporting and defending the constitution
  • Be informed of the issues which affect the community
  • Be a participator in the country’s democratic process
  • Be respectful and obedient to federal, state and local laws
  • Be respectful to others rights, beliefs and opinions
  • Participate in your local community
  • Honestly pay income and other taxes. They should also be paid on time to federal, state and local authorities
  • When called upon, they are expected to serve on a jury
  • If the need arises, they are expected to defend the country

With the above, we can now see that Civic Education facilitates citizens participation in democratic processes as well as development processes. It enables citizens to speak on their behalf and also within a certain group. Civic participation is built on individual protection as well as collective rights and also on making sure that each citizen understands the obligation he/she plays in the society.


Government influences every aspect of people’s lives. What people eat, where they attend school and what kind of education they receive is affected by the government. It even goes as far as how tax money is being spent. Sometimes, what people do with their free time is affected by the government.

Many Nigerians and even citizens of other countries are not even aware of how the government influences their everyday lives and many are even unsure of precisely what it does.

Features of Government

The following are the main characteristics of the government in a state:

  • Constitution: This is a main characteristic of government. A set of agreed rules is made by the government which guides the administration of the state.
  • Periodic Change: After a specific period of time, a government is meant to change. There is no permanent government especially a democratic or elective government which changes through elections held periodically.
  • Legitimacy: A government needs to enjoy the support of the people.
  • Revenue: In order to enhance its administration, the government makes revenue in different ways.
  • Political Power: it is compulsory that the government possess political power which will be used as a tool of rooting orderliness in a state.
  • The universality of Government’s reach: The government’s jurisdiction must reach everyone abiding in the state.

Functions of Government

Government performs the underlisted functions:

  • Law Making
  • Maintenance of law and order
  • Promotion of economic growth and development
  • Military defence of the country
  • Provision of employment
  • Protection of civil liberties
  • Provision of social welfare services
  • Protection of lives and properties
  • Administration of justice
  • Formulation and implementation of policies
  • Maintaining good relations with other sovereign states or countries (foreign diplomacy)


The above explanation of Civic Education and Government clearly explains that the former cannot replace the latter. If you are confused about the nine subjects to choose for your WAEC especially if you are thinking of replacing Government with Civic Education, then our advice to you is “don’t”. it actually is a wrong decision.

Government and Civic Education while they seem to be the same are actually two different subjects. As an Art or a Commercial student, we advise you not to think they are both the same and choose one leaving the other. It is preferable to write the two subjects in the examination. While Civic Education emphasizes Moral Citizenship Education, Government emphasizes Political Awareness.